Read the latest in O-Lab's Research In Brief series: Is the social safety net a long term investment? Hilary Hoynes and Reed Walker find that find "access to food stamps in early childhood leads to significant improvements across a range of outcomes in adulthood." Read more.
Anna Godoy and affiliate Michael Reich wrote an article for CNN Business about their research on the effects of minimum wages. They examined 51 minimum wage increases since 2004 in 45 states and found that “higher minimum wages do not have adverse effects on employment.” Read more!
“Many people think it’s just the temperature, but actually temperature affects everything,” says affiliate Solomon Hsiang in a new ClimateOne podcast about the winners and losers of climate change. Listen in.
New VoxDev Talks with O-Lab affiliate Supreet Kaur on how pay inequality affects attendance, productivity and the social fabric of manufacturing workers in India, thus revealing impacts on firm productivity. Listen now!
Gabriel Zucman, “America’s top wealth detective,” probes the secrets of the super rich using simple, voluminous spreadsheets compiling the tax tables, macroeconomic datasets, and cross-border-flow calculations of central banks. He does it on his own, only rarely outsourcing to graduate students. “You can conduct this detective work only if you do it to a large extent yourself,” he says. “The wealth is not visible in plain sight—it’s visible in the data.” Read the full article HERE.
Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have revolutionized development policy. But do the interventions that work in the short run have a benefit 10 or 20 years later? O-Lab co-director Ted Miguel spoke to VoxEU's Center for Economic Policy Research about measuring long-run impacts for RCTs.
Rucker Johnson’s book “Children of the Dream: Why School Integration Works” has been released and is now available for purchase. The book reveals that school integration efforts in the United States in the 1970s and 1980s were overwhelmingly successful, and our retreat from them has had dire effects on our society. Listen to Professor Johnson speak about the book on Berkeley News.
A new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, which O-Lab Co-Director Hilary Hoynes worked on, provides evidence-based policy and program suggestions that could reduce child poverty by half. “The strengths and abilities children develop from infancy through adolescence are crucial for their physical, emotional, and cognitive growth, which in turn help them to achieve success in school and to become responsible, economically self-sufficient, and healthy adults.” Read more HERE.
The tools of economics are critical to developing a policy framework for what Gabriel Zucman, Dani Rodrik and Suresh Naidu call “inclusive prosperity.” While prosperity is the traditional concern of economists, the “inclusive” modifier demands both that economists consider the whole distribution of outcomes, not simply the average (the “middle class”), and that they consider human prosperity broadly, including non-pecuniary sources of well-being, from health to climate change to political rights. Read the full article HERE.
In January, the Foundations for Evidence Based Policymaking Act of 2018 was signed into law, taking key steps to strengthen the privacy protections of federal data and increase the availability of evidence to improve policymaking. The law implements half of the recommendations made by the Commission on Evidence-Based Policymaking, a bipartisan commission that released unanimous recommendations in 2017. “The law’s improvements to secure data access should drastically improve the ability of researchers to access federal data while maintaining data privacy,” says Hilary Hoynes, co-Director of the Opportunity Lab and former Commission on Evidence-Based Policymaking member. “When fully implemented, a secure, streamlined method to access federal data could transform the types of research we conduct and how quickly it can be turned around for use by policymakers.” Read more HERE.
Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez’s tax hike idea has kick-started debate on progressive income taxation. As Saez and Zucman argue in their New York Times op-ed, her tax idea is not about soaking the rich but rather curtailing inequality and saving democracy. “An extreme concentration of wealth means an extreme concentration of economic and political power. Although many policies can help address it, progressive income taxation is the fairest and most potent of them all, because it restrains all exorbitant incomes equally.” Read the full article HERE.
"You know the old saying "an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure"? About a decade ago, the Obama administration tried applying that to the fight against climate change. Federal agencies were required to assess the future damages of carbon emissions as part of cost-benefit calculations — the kind they need to do before passing new regulations." Read the full article HERE.
Former President Barack Obama released the names of five books he's reading right now and O-Lab Professor Enrico Moretti's book "The New Geography of Jobs" made it on the list. Read the full list HERE.
On March 28 O-Lab held a conference and matchmaking event to identify ways that new-unique data can advance social good, promote communication between researchers and companies with rich data-sets, and provide a deeper understanding of the synergistic benefits of data access.
For more information about speakers please visit the event website, www.data4publicgood.com.
Election to the Academy is considered one of the nation's highest honors since its founding during the American Revolution in 1780 by John Adams, John Hancock, James Bowdoin, and other scholar-patriots who contributed prominently to the establishment of the new nation, its government, and its Constitution.
Read more about the Academy and newly elected members HERE.
Professors Danny Yagan and Supreet Kaur are two of this year's Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Research Fellowship recipients. Every year the Sloan Foundation honors early-career scholars who "represent the most promising scientific researchers working today. Their achievements and potential place them among the next generation of scientific leaders in the U.S. and Canada." Read the full announcement HERE.
"Most people don't realize how much climate affects everything, from their property values to how hard people work," says Solomon Hsiang, a professor of public policy at the University of California, Berkeley, who led a recent study that predicts, as the climate warms, there will be "a large transfer of value northward and westward." And the wealthy, who can afford to adapt, will benefit, while the poor, who will likely be left behind, will suffer. "If we continue on the current path," Hsiang says, "our analysis suggests that climate change may result in the largest transfer of wealth from the poor to the rich in the country's history." Read the full article HERE